Expressing PAST TIME

PAST OF BE NEGATIVE
PAST OF BE QUESTIONS
USING –ED
PAST TIME WORDS: YESTERDAY, LAST, AND AGO
PRONUNCIATION OF -ED: /t/, /d/, AND /əd/
SPELLING OF -ED VERBS
SPELLING OF -ED AND -ING: TWO-SYLLABLE VERBS
IRREGULAR VERBS
THE SIMPLE PAST: NEGATIVE
YES/NO QUESTIONS
MORE IRREGULAR VERBS
USING WHERE, WHEN, WHAT TIME, AND WHY
QUESTIONS WITH WHAT
QUESTIONS WITH WHO
ASKING ABOUT THE MEANING OF A WORD
MORE IRREGULAR VERBS
BEFORE AND AFTER IN TIME CLAUSES
WHEN IN TIME CLAUSES
REVIEW EXERCISES

past41 past42
  1. 1. Ken is here today, but he wasn't here yesterday.
  2. 2. I'm at home tonight, but I wasn't at home last night.
  3. 3. Olga is busy today, but she wasn't busy yesterday.
  4. 4. We're in class this morning, but we weren't in class yesterday morning.
  5. 5. Tom is at the library tonight, but he wasn't at the library last night.
  6. 6. It's cold this week, but it wasn't cold last night.
  7. 7. Alex and Rita are at work this afternoon, but they weren't at work yesterday afternoon.
  8. 8. Mr. and Mrs. Jones are at home tonight, but they weren't at home yesterday night .
  9. 9. You're in class today, but you weren't in class yesterday.
  10. 10. Dr. Ruckman is in her office this afternoon, but she wasn't in her office yesterday afternoon.

past43
  1. EXERCISE 4: Make questions and give short answers.
  2. 1. (you / at home / last night)
    A: Were you at home last night?
    B: No, I wasn’t.
  3. 2. (Mr. Brown / absent from class /yesterday)
    A: Was Mr. Brown absent from class yesterday?
    B: Yes, he was.
  4. 3. (Alex and Sue / at home / last night)
    A: Were Alex and Sue at home last night?
    B: Yes, he was.
  5. 4. (you / nervous / the first day of class)
    A: Were you nervous the first day of class?
    B: No, I wasn't.
  6. 5. (Susanne / at the library / last night
    A: Was Susanne at the library last night?
    B: Yes, she was.
  7. 6. (Mr. Sleighton / in class / yesterday)
    A: Was Mr. Sleighton in class yesterday?
    B: No, he wasn't.
    A: Where was he?
    B: At home.

past44
  1. EXERCISE 5: Make questions and give short answers.
  2. 1. (you / in class / yesterday)
    A: Were you in class yesterday?
    B: Yes, I was.
  3. 2. (Anita / in class / today)
    A: Is Anita in class today?
    B: No, she isn’t. She's absent.
  4. 3. (you / tired / last night)
    A: Were you tired last night?
    B: Yes, I was. I went to bed early.
  5. 4. (you / hungry / right now)
    A: Are you hungry right now?
    B: Yes, I am, but I'm thirsty.
  6. 5. (The weather / hot in New York City / last summer)
    A: Was the weather hot in New York City last summer?
    B: Yes, it was. It was very hot.
  7. 6. (the weather / cold in Alaska / in the winter)
    A: Is the weather cold in Alaska in the winter?
    B: Yes, it is. It’s very cold.
  8. 7. (John and Betty / here / yesterday afternoon)
    A: Were John and Betty here yesterday afternoon?
    B: Yes, they were.
  9. 8. (the students in this class / intelligent)
    A: Are the students in this class intelligent?
    B: Of course the are! They are very intelligent!
  10. 9. (Mr. Black / absent / today)
    A: Is Mr. Black absent today?
    B: Yes, he is.
    A: Where is he?
    B: He is in hospital.
  11. 10. (Jimmy and Ben / at the party / last night)
    A: Were Jimmy and Ben at the party last night?
    B: No, they weren't.
    A: Where were they?
    B: They were in Moscow.

past45
  1. EXERCISE 6: If (B) answers YES, the exercise item is FINISHED. If (B) answers NO, (A) should follow with a WHERE-question.
  2. EXAMPLE: in class / now
  3. A: (. . .), are you in class now?
    B: Yes, I am.
  4. EXAMPLE:
  5. at the library / last night
  6. A: (. . .), were you at the library last night?
    B: No, I wasn't.
  7. A: Where were you?
    B: I was (at home / in my room / at a party, etc.)
  8. 1. A: Are you at home now?
    B: No, I am not.
    A: Where are you?
    B: I am at work.
  9. 2. A: Were you at home yesterday morning?
    B: Yes, I was.
  10. 3. A: Were you at home last night?
    B: No, I wasn't.
    A: Where were you?
    B: I was at a party.
  11. 4. A: Were they in class two days ago?
    B: Yes, they were.
  12. 5. A: Are you at the railway station now?
    B: No, I am not.
    A: Where are you?
    B: I am in my office.
  13. 6. A: Were you parents in Sochi last year?
    B: No, they weren't.
    A: Where were they?
    B: They were in Yalta.
  14. 7. A: Was Mrs Brown in class yesterday?
    B: Yes, she was.
  15. 8. A: A: Were Sue and Eileen here yesterday?
    B: No, they weren't.
    A: Where were they?
    B: They were at the theatre.
  16. 9. A: A: Were you in Italy two weeks ago?
    B: No, we weren't.
    A: Where were you?
    B: We were in the country.
  17. 10. A: Were you in Turkey two years ago?
    B: No, we weren't.
    A: Where were you?
    B: We don't travel aboard.
  18. 11. A: Are you in Leeds now?
    B: No, I am not.
    A: Where are you? B: I am in Bristol.
  19. 12. A: at the City Garden yesterday afternoon?
    B: No, I wasn't.
    A: Where were you?
    B: I was at my aunt's.
  20. 13. A: Were you at The Dtama Theater this morning?
    B: Yes, I was.
  21. 14. A: Were at the City bar last night?
    B: Yes, we were.
  22. 15. A: Was Miss Helen at home last night?
    B: Yes, she was.
  23. 16. A: Were Kate and Rebekka at school yesterday aftennon?
    B: No, they weren't. They were at home already.

past46
  1. EXERCISE 7: Complete the sentences. Use the words in the list; use the SIMPLE PRESENT or the SIMPLE PAST.
  2. ask
    cook
    dream
    erase
    rain
    shave
    smile
    stay
    wait
    walk
    watch
    work
  3. 1. It often rains in the morning. It rained yesterday.
  4. 2. I walk to school every morning. I walked to school yesterday morning.
  5. 3. Sue asks often questions. She asked a question in class yesterday.
  6. 4. I watched a movie on television last night. I usually watch TV in the evening because I want to improve my English.
  7. 5. Mike cooked his own dinner yesterday evening. He cooks his own dinner every evening.
  8. 6. I usually stay home at night because I have to study. I stayed home last night.
  9. 7. I have a job at the library. I work at the library every evening. I worked there yesterday evening.
  10. 8. When I am asleep, I often dream. I dreamed/dreamt about my family last night.
  11. 9. Linda usually waits for the bus at a bus stop in front of her apartment building. She waited for the bus there yesterday morning.
  12. 10. The teacher erased some words from the board a couple of minutes ago. He used his hand instead of an eraser.
  13. 11. Our teacher is a warm, friendly person. She often smiles when she is talking to us.
  14. 12. Rick doesn't have a beard anymore. He shaved five days ago. Now he shaves every morning.

past47
  1. EXERCISE 8: Use yesterday or last.
  2. 1. I dreamed about you last night.
  3. 2. I was downtown yesterday morning.
  4. 3. Two students were absent last Friday.
  5. 4. Ann wasn't at home last night.
  6. 5. Ann wasn't at home yesterday evening.
  7. 6. Carmen was out of town last week.
  8. 7. I visited my aunt and uncle last fall.
  9. 8. Roberto walked home yesterday afternoon.
  10. 9. My sister arrived in Miami last Sunday.
  11. 10. We watched TV yesterday night.
  12. 11. Ben played with his children yesterday evening.
  13. 12. Yoko arrived in Los Angeles last summer.
  14. 13. I visited my relatives in San Francisco last month.
  15. 14. My wife and I moved into a new house last year.
  16. 15. Mrs. Porter washed the kitchen floor yesterday morning.

past48
  1. EXERCISE 9: Complete the sentences. Use ago in your completion.
  2. 1. I'm in class now, but I was at home ten minutes ago / two hours ago / etc.
  3. 2. I'm in class today, but I was absent from class a week ago.
  4. 3. I'm in this country now, but I was in my country a month ago.
  5. 4. 1 was in Kiev two years ago.
  6. 5. I was in elementary school a year ago.
  7. 6. I arrived in this city two weeks ago.
  8. 7. There is a nice park in this city. I was at the park three days ago.
  9. 8. We finished EXERCISE 2 five minuts ago.
  10. 9. I was home in bed an hour ago.
  11. 10. It rained in this city a month ago.

past49 past50 past51
  1. EXERCISE 10: Read the words aloud. Then use the words to complete the sentences.

  2. GROUP A: Final -ED pronounced /t/ after VOICELESS sounds:
  3. 1. walked
    2. worked
    3. cooked
    4. asked
    5. watched
    6. touched
    7. washed
    8. finished
    9. kissed
    10. erased
    11. helped
    12. stopped
    13. laughed
    14. coughed
  4. 1. I watched TV last night.
  5. 2. Anna walked to class yesterday instead of taking the bus.
  6. 3. I washed the dirty dishes after dinner last night.
  7. 4. Jim erased the board with an eraser.
  8. 5. Robert loves his daughter. He kissed her on the forehead.
  9. 6. The joke was funny. We laughed at the funny story.
  10. 7. The rain stopped a few minutes ago. The sky is clear now.
  11. 8. I worked for three hours last night. I finished my homework about nine o'clock.
  12. 9. Steve touched my shoulder with his hand to get my attention.
  13. 10. Mr. Wilson worked in his garden yesterday morning.
  14. 11. Judy coughed because she was sick. She had the flu.
  15. 12. Don is a good cook. He cooked some delicious food last night.
  16. 13. Linda asked a question in class yesterday.
  17. 14. I had a problem with my homework. The teacher helped me before class.

  18. GROUP D: Final -ED pronounced /d/ after VOICED sounds:
  19. 1. rained
    2. signed
    3. shaved
    4. arrived
    5. smiled
    6. killed
    7. sneezed
    8. closed
    9. remembered
    10. played
    11. enjoyed
    12. snowed
  20. 1. It's winter. The ground is white because it snowed yesterday.
  21. 2. Anita arrived in this city three weeks ago. She arrived at the airport on September 3rd.
  22. 3. The girls and boys played baseball after school yesterday.
  23. 4. When Roy got a new credit card, he signed his name in ink on the back of the card.
  24. 5. Rick used to have a beard, but now he doesn't. He shaved this morning.
  25. 6. The students' test papers were very good. The teacher, Mr. Jackson, was very pleased. He smiled when he returned the test papers.
  26. 7. I enjoyed the party last night. It was fun. I had a good time.
  27. 8. The window was open. Mr. Barrow it because it was cold outside.
  28. 9. The streets were wet this morning because it rained last night.
  29. 10. "Achoo!" When Judy sneezed, Ken said, "Bless you." Oscar said, "Gesundheit!"
  30. 11. I have my books with me. I didn't forget them today. I remembered to bring them to class.
  31. 12. Mrs. Lane was going crazy because there was a fly in the room. The fly was buzzing all around the room. Finally, she killed it with a rolled up newspaper.

  32. GROUP C: Final -ed is pronounced /əd/ after /t/ and /d/:
  33. 1. waited
    2. wanted
    3. counted
    4. visited
    5. invited
    6. needed
    7. added
    8. folded
  34. 1. The children wanted some candy after dinner.
  35. 2. Mr. Miller needed to stay in the hospital for two weeks after he had an operation.
  36. 3. I counted the number of students in the room.
  37. 4. Mr. and Mrs. Johnson invited us to come to their house last Sunday.
  38. 5. Last Sunday we visited the Johnsons.
  39. 6. I folded the letter before I put it in the envelope.
  40. 7. Kim waited for the bus at the corner of 5th Avenue and Main Street.
  41. 8. The boy added the numbers on the chalkboard in arithmetic class yesterday.

past52 past53 past54

EXERCISE 12: Give the -ed and -ing forms of these words.

verb-ED-ING
1countcountedcounting
2stopstoppedstopping
3smilesmiledsmiling
4rainrainedraining
5helphelpedhelping
6dreamdreamdreaming
7clapсlappedсlapping
8eraseerasederasing
9rubrubbedrubbing
10yawnyawnedyawning
11studystudiedstudying
12 staystayedstaying
13worryworriedworrying
14enjoyenjoyedenjoying

EXERCISE 13: Use the correct form of the words in the list to complete the sentences.

  1. carry
    clap
    cry
    enjoy
    fail
    finish
    learn
    rub
    smile
    stay
    stop
    taste
    wait
  2. 1. I finished my homework at nine last night.
  3. 2. We learnt some new vocabulary yesterday.
  4. 3. I tasted the soup before dinner last night. It was delicious.
  5. 4. Linda waited for the bus at the corner yesterday.
  6. 5. The bus at the corner. It was on time.
  7. 6. We enjoyed the play at the theater last night. It was very good.
  8. 7. At the theater last night, the audience clapped when the play was over.
  9. 8. Ann carried her suitcases to the bus station yesterday. They weren't heavy.
  10. 9. The baby rubbed her eyes because she was sleepy.
  11. 10. I stayed home and watched a sad movie on TV last night. I cried at the end of the movie.
  12. 11. Mike fail his examination last week. His grade was "F."
  13. 12. Jane smiled at the children. She was happy to see them.

past55

EXERCISE 14: Write the correct spelling of the -ED form. Then write the correct pronunciation of the -ED form: /t/, /d/, or /əd/.

VERB-ED FORMPRONUNCIATION
1waitwaitedwait+ /ed/
2spellspelledspell+ /d/
3kisskissedkiss+ /t/
4planplannedplan+ /d/
5joinjoinedjoin+ /d/
6hopehopedhope+ /t/
7dropdroppeddrop+ /t/
8addaddedadd+ /ed/
9pointpointedpoint+ /ed/
10patpattedpat+ /ed/
11shoutshoutedshout+ /ed/
12replyrepliedreply+ /d/
13playplayedplay+ /d/
14touchtouchedtouch+ /t/
15endendedend+ /ed/

VERB-ED FORMPRONUNCIATION
16. mopmoppedmop+ /t/
17. droop drooped droop+ /t/
18. cope coped cope+ /t/
19. rentrentedrent+ /ed/
20. datedateddate+ /ed/
21. heatheatedheat+ /ed/
22. batbattedbat+ /ed/
23. trick tricked trick+ /t/
24. fool fooled fool+ /d/
25. reward rewarded reward+ /ed/
26. grab grabbed grab+ /d/
27. dance danced dance+ /t/
28. paste pasted paste+ /ed/
29. earn earned earn+ /d/
30. gringrinnedgrin+ /d/

past56 past57

EXERCISE 16: Complete the sentences with the VERBS in the list. Use the -ED forms. Use each verb only one time.

  1. admit
    answer
    happen
    listen
    occur
    offer
    open
    permit
    visit
  2. 1. The teacher answered a question for me in class.
  3. 2. Yesterday I visited my aunt and uncle at their home.
  4. 3. We listened to some music after dinner last night.
  5. 4. It was okay for the children to have some candy after lunch. Mrs. King permitted them to have a little candy.
  6. 5. I opened the window because the room was hot.
  7. 6. A car accident happened at the corner of 5th Street and Main yesterday.
  8. 7. A bicycle accident occurred on Forest Avenue yesterday.
  9. 8. My friend poured a glass of water and held it toward me. She asked me if I wanted it. She offerred me a glass of water.
  10. 9. A man unlocked the gate and the sports fans were admitted into the stadium.

past58

EXERCISE 18: Complete the sentences. Use the words in parentheses. Use the SIMPLE PRESENT, PRESENT PROGRESSIVE, or SIMPLE PAST. Pay attention to spelling and pronunciation.

  1. 1. I (walk) walked to school yesterday.
  2. 2. I (sit) am sitting in class right now.
  3. 3. I usually (go) go to bed at eleven o'clock every night.
  4. 4. Sally (finish) her homework at ten o'clock last night.
  5. 5. I (study) studied at the library yesterday.
  6. 6. I (study) study English every day.
  7. 7. I am in class right now. I (study) studying English.
  8. 8. I need an umbrella because it (rain) is raining right now.
  9. 9. It (rain) rained yesterday morning.
  10. 10. My roommate (help) helped me with my homework last night.
  11. 11. We can go outside now. The rain (stop) stopped a few minutes ago.
  12. 12. The children are in the park. They (play) are playing baseball.
  13. 13. I (play) played soccer last week.
  14. 14. Yesterday morning I (brushed) brushed my teeth, (wash) washed my face, and (shaveed) shave.
  15. 15. Ann is in her living room right now. She (watch) is watching television.
  16. 16. Ann usually (watch) watches TV in the evening.
  17. 17. She (watch) watched a good program on TV last night.
  18. 18. We (do) are doing an exercise in class right now. We (use) are using verb tenses in sentences.
  19. 19. I (arrive) arrived in this city a month ago.
  20. 20. Matt (listen) listens to music every morning while he's getting ready to go to school.
  21. 21. A: Where's Matt?
    doing B: He's in his room?
    A: What (do, he) is he doing??
    B: He (listen) is listening to music.
  22. 22. A: (you, listen) Do you listen to the news every day?
    B: Yes. I (like) like to know about events in the world. I usually (listen) listen to the news on TV before I go to sleep at night, but last night I (listen) listened to the news on the radio.

past59
  1. EXERCISE 19: Change the sentences to the PAST.
  2. 1. Tom gets some mail every day.
  3. → Tom got some mail yesterday.
  4. 2. They went downtown every day.
  5. 3. We had lunch every day.
  6. 4. I saw my friends every day.
  7. 5. Gabriel sat in the front row every day.
  8. 6. I slept for eight hours every night.
  9. 7. The students stood in line at the cafeteria.
  10. 8. I wrote a letter to my parents every week.
  11. 9. Ruby came to class late every day.
  12. 10. We did exercises in class every day.
  13. 11. I ate breakfast every morning.
  14. 12. I got up at seven every day.
  15. 13. Robert put his books in his briefcase every day.

  16. EXERCISE 20: Change the sentences to the PAST.
  17. Example: I come to class every day.
    Response: I came to class yesterday.
  18. 1. I ate lunch every day.
  19. 2. I saw you every day.
  20. 3. I sat in class every day.
  21. 4. I wrote a letter every day.
  22. 5. I did my homework every day
  23. 6. I had breakfast every day.
  24. 7. I went downtown every day.
  25. 8. I got up at eight every day.
  26. 9. I stood at the bus stop every day.
  27. 10. I slept for eight hours every night.
  28. 11. I came to school every day.
  29. 12. I put my pen in my pocket every day.

past60
  1. EXERCISE 21: Complete the sentences. Use the words in parentheses. Use SIMPLE PRESENT, PRESENT PROGRESSIVE, or SIMPLE PAST. Pay attention to spelling and pronunciation.

  2. 1. I (get) got up at eight o'clock yesterday morning.
  3. 2 . Mary (talk) talked to John on the phone last night.
  4. 3. Mary (talk) is talking to John on the phone right now.
  5. 4. Mary (talk) talks to John on the phone every day.
  6. 5. Jim and I (eat) ate at the cafeteria two hours ago.
  7. 6. We (eat) eat lunch at the cafeteria every day.
  8. 7. I (go) went to bed early last night.
  9. 8. My roommate (study) studied Spanish last year.
  10. 9. Sue (write) wrote a letter to her parents yesterday.
  11. 10. Sue (write) writes a letter to her parents every week.
  12. 11. Sue is in her room right now. She (sit) sitting at her desk.
  13. 12. Maria (do) did her homework last night.
  14. 13. Yesterday I (see) saw Betty at the library.
  15. 14. I (have) had a dream last night. I (dreamt) about my friends. I (sleep) slept for eight hours.
  16. 15. A strange thing (happen) happen to me yesterday. I couldn't remember my own telephone number.
  17. 16. My wife (come) comes home around five every day.
  18. 17. Yesterday she (come) came home at 5:15.
  19. 18. Our teacher (stand) is standing in the middle of the room right now.
  20. 19. Our teacher (stand) stood in the front of the room yesterday.
  21. 20. Tom (put) put the butter in the refrigerator yesterday.
  22. 21. He (put) puts the milk in the refrigerator every day.
  23. 22. Pablo usually (sit) sits in the back of the room, but yesterday he (sit) sat in the front row. Today he (be) is absent. He (be) was absent two days ago too.

past61 past62
  1. EXERCISE 24: Complete the sentences. Use the words in parentheses. Use SIMPLE PRESENT, PRESENT PROGRESSIVE, or SIMPLE PAST.

  2. 1. I (go, not) DIDN’T GO to a movie last night. I (stay) STAYED home.
  3. 2. Mike (come, not) DOESN'T COME to class every day.
  4. 3. I (finish, not) DIDN'T FINISH my homework last night. I (go) WENT to bed early.
  5. 4. Jane (stand, not) ISN'T STANDING up right now. She (sit) IS SITTING down.
  6. 5. It (rain, not) ISN'T RAINING right now. The rain (stop) STOPPED a few minutes ago.
  7. 6. The weather (be, not) ISN'T COLD cold today, but it (be) WAS cold yesterday.
  8. 7. Tina and I (go, not) DIDN'T GO shopping yesterday.
  9. 8. I (go) WENT to a movie last night, but I (enjoy, not) DIDN'T ENJOY it. It (be, not) WASN'T very good.
  10. 9. I (write) WROTE a letter to my girlfriend yesterday, but I (write, not) DIDN'T WRITE a letter to her last week.
  11. 10. Sue (read) IS READING a magazine right now. She (watch, not) ISN'T WATCHING TV.
  12. 11. My husband (come, not) DIDN'T COME home for dinner last night.
  13. 12. The children (go) WENT to bed a half an hour ago. They (sleep) ARE SLEEPING now.
  14. 13. We (be) WERE late for the movie last night. The movie (start) STARTED at seven, but we (arrive, not) DIDN'T ARRIVE until seven-fifteen.
  15. 14. Betty (ask) ASKED Nick a question a few minutes ago, but he (answer, not) DIDN'T ANSWER her question.
  16. 15. Tony is a busy student. He usually (eat, not) DOESN'T EAT lunch because he (have, not) DOESN'T HAVE enough time between classes.
  17. 16. He (eat) ATE lunch the day before yesterday, but he (eat, not) DIDN'T EAT lunch yesterday.

past63
  1. EXERCISE 25: Make questions. Give short answers.

  2. 1. A: DID you walk downtown yesterday?
    B: Yes, I did. (I walked downtown yesterday.)
  3. 2. A: DID it rain last week?
    B: No, it didn't. (It didn't rain last week.)
  4. 3. A: DID Mr. Brown go out of town last week?
    B: No, he didn't. (Mr. Brown didn't go out of town last week.)
  5. 4. A: DID you eat lunch at the cafeteria?
    B: Yes, I did. (I ate lunch at the cafeteria.)
  6. 5. A: DID you have a cup of tea this morning?
    B: Yes, I did. (I had a cup of tea this morning.)
  7. 6. A: DID you and Ben go to a party last night?
    B: Yes, we did. (Ben and I went to a party last night.)
  8. 7. A: DID Olga study English in high school?
    B: Yes, she did. (Olga studied English in high school.)
  9. 8. A: DID Sue and Nellie do their homework last night?
    B: No, they didn't. (Sue and Nellie didn't do their homework last night.)
  10. 9. A: DID you see Jenny at dinner last night?
    B: Yes, I did. (I saw Jenny at dinner last night.)
  11. 10. A: DID you dream in English last night?
    B: No, they didn't. (I didn't dream in English last night.)

past64
  1. EXERCISE 26: Complete the sentences with WAS, WERE, or DID.

  2. 1. I DID not go to work yesterday. I WAS sick, so I stayed home from the office.
  3. 2. Tom WAS not in his office yesterday. He DID not go to work.
  4. 3. A: WAS Mr. Clinton in his office yesterday?
    B: Yes.
    A: DID you see him about your problem?
    B: Yes. He answered all my questions. He WAS very helpful.
  5. 4. A: WERE you at the meeting yesterday?
    B: What meeting?
    A: DID you forget about the meeting?
    B: I guess so. What meeting?
    A: The meeting with the president of the company about employee benefits.
    B: Oh. Now I remember. No, I WAS not there. WERE you?
    A: Yes. I can tell you all about it.
    B: Thanks.
  6. 5. A: WHERE WERE you yesterday?
    B: I WAS at the zoo.
    A: DID you enjoy it?
    B: Yes, but the weather WAS very hot. I tried to stay out of the sun. Most of the animals WERE in their houses or in the shade. The sun WAS too hot for them, too. They DID not want to be outside in the hot sun.
  1. EXERCISE 27: Make questions. Give short answers.

  2. 1. A: WERE you at home last night?
    B: No, I wasn't. (I wasn't at home last night.)
    A: DID you go to a movie?
    B: Yes. I did. (I went to a movie.)
  3. 2. A: DID you walk downtown yesterday?
    B: Yes, I did. (I walked downtown yesterday.)
  4. 3. A: DID he come to class the day before yesterday?
    B: Yes, he did. (He came to class the day before yesterday.)
  5. 4. A: IS it cold today?
    B: No, it isn't. (It isn't cold today)
  6. 5. A: DO you come to class every day?
    B: Yes, I do. (I come to class every day.)
  7. 6. A: WAS Robert absent yesterday?
    B: Yes, he was. (Robert was absent yesterday.)
  8. 7. A: DO you watch television every day?
    B: No, i don't. (I don't watch television every day.)
  9. 8. A: IS Monica in class today?
    B: No, she isn't. (Monica isn't in class today.)

past65
  1. EXERCISE 27 (продолжение): Make questions. Give short answers.

  2. 9. A: WAS he here yesterday?
    B: Yes, he was. (He was here yesterday.)
  3. 10. A: DOES he usuallycome to class every day?
    B: Yes, he does. (He usually comes to class every day.)
  4. 11. A: DO you live in an apartment?
    B: Yes, I do. (I live in an apartment)
  5. A: DO you have a roommate?
    B: No, I don't. (I don't have a roommate.)
  6. A: DID you have a roommate last year?
    B: Yes, I did. (I had a roommate last year. It didn't work out.)
  7. A: WAS he difficult to live with?
    B: Yes, he was. (He was difficult to live with.)
    A: WHAT did he do?
    B: He never picked up his dirty clothes. He never washed his dirty dishes. He was always late with his share of the rent.
    A: DID you ask him to keep the aparnnent clean?
    B: Yes, I did. (I asked him to keep the aparnnent clean.) He always agreed, but he never did it.
    A: WERE you glad when he left?
    B: Yes, I was. (I was glad when he left.) I like living alone.

past66
  1. EXERCISE 30: Review of IRREGULAR verbs. Answer all the questions "YES". Give both a short answer and a long answer.

  2. Example: DID you come to class today?
    Response: Yes, I did I came to class today.
  3. 1. DID you eat dinner last night?
    Yes, I did. I ate dinner last night.
  4. 2. DID they come to class today?
    Yes, they did. They came to class today.
  5. 3. DID you get a letter yesterday?
    Yes, I/we did. I/We got a letter yesterday
  6. 4. DID she go shopping yesterday?
    Yes, she did. She went shopping yesterday
  7. 5. DID he/she do his/her homework last night?
    Yes, he/she did. He/She did his/her homework last night.
  8. 6. DID you sleep well last night?
    Yes, I did. I slept well last night.
  9. 7. DID you have a cup of coffee this morning?
    Yes, I did. I had a cup of coffee this morning.
  10. 8. DID they go to a movie last night?
    Yes, they did. They went to a movie last night
  11. 9. DID she sit in that chair yesterday?
    Yes, she did. She sat in that chair yesterday.
  12. 10. DID you write a letter yesterday?
    Yes, I did. I wrote a letter yesterday

past67 past68
  1. EXERCISE 32: Complete the sentences. Use the words in parentheses.

  2. 1. A: Why are you out of breath?
    B: I (run) ran to class because I was late.
  3. 2. A: (Ms. Carter, teach) Did Ms. Carter teach class yesterday?
    B: No, she didn't. Mr. Adams (teach) taught our class.
  4. 3. A: I (ride) rode the bus to school yesterday. How did you get to school?
    B: I (drive) drove my car.
  5. 4. A: Did you decide to change schools?
    B: I (think) thought about it, but then I decided to stay here.
  6. 5. A: (you, go) Did you go shopping yesterday?
    B: Yes. (buy) I bought a new pair of shoes.
  7. 6. A: (you, study) Did you study last night?
    B: No, I didn't. I was tired. I (read) read a magazine and then (go) went to bed early.
  8. A: Do you like milk?
    B: No. I (drink) drank milk when I (be) was a child, I but I don't like milk now.
  9. 7. A: Did you leave your dictionary at home?
    B: No. I (bring) brought it to class with me.
  10. 8. A: Did you enjoy your fishing trip?
    В: I had a wonderful time! I (catch) caught a lot of fish.

past68+
  1. EXERCISE 33: Complete the sentences. Use the words in parentheses.

  2. 1. Ann and I (go) went to the bookstore yesterday. I (buy) bought some stationery and a T-shirt.
  3. 2. I had to go downtown yesterday. I (catch) caught the bus in front of my apartment and (ride) rode to Grand Avenue. Then I (get off) got off the bus and transferred to another one. It (be) was a long trip.
  4. 3. Sue (eat) ate popcorn and (drink) drank a cola at the movie theater last night. I (eat, not) didn't eat anything. I'm on a diet.
  5. 4. Maria (ask) askedthe teacher a question in class yesterday. The teacher (think) thought about the question for a few minutes and then said, "I don't know."
  6. 5. I (want) wanted (go) to go to the basketball game last night, but I (stay) stayed home because I had to study.
  7. 6. Last night I (read) an article in the newspaper. It (be) about the snowstorm in Moscow.
  8. 7. Yesterday Yoko (teach) taught us how to say "thank you" in Japanese. Kim (teach) taught us how to say "I love you" in Korean.
  9. 8. When Ben and I (go) went to the department store yesterday, I (buy) bought some new socks. Ben (buy, not) didn't buyanything.
  10. 9. Rita (pass, not) didn't pass the test yesterday. She (fail) failedit.
  11. 10. Last summer we (drive) to Colorado for our vacation. We (visit) visited a national park, where we (camp) camped in our tent for a week. We (go) went fishing one morning. I (catch) caught a very big fish, but my husband (catch, not) didn't catch anything. We (enjoy) enjoyed cooking and eating the fish for dinner. It (be) was delicious. I like fresh fish.
past69+ past70 past71 past72
  1. EXERCISE 36: Make questions. Use WHERE, WHEN, WHAT TIME, or WHY.

  2. 1. A: WHERE did you go yesterday?
    B: To the zoo. (I went to the zoo yesterday.)
  3. 2. A: WHEN did Jason arrive in Canada?
    B: Last month. (Jason arrived in Canada last month.)
  4. 3. A: WHAT time did your plane arrive?
    B: At 7:05. (My plane arrived at 7:05.)
  5. 4. A: WHY did you stay home last night?
    B: Because I was tired. (I stayed home last night because I was tired.)
  6. 5. A: WHERE did you study last night?
    B: At the library. (I studied at the library last night.)
  7. 6. A: WHY did you turn on the light??
    B: Because it's dark in here. (I turned on the light because it's dark in here.)
  8. 7. A: WHERE did Sara go for her vacation?
    B: To Greece. (Sara went to Greece for her vacation.)
  9. 8. A: WHEN did you finish your homework?
    B: Around midnight. (I finished my homework around midnight.)
  10. 9. A: WHEN did you come to this city?
    B: Five weeks ago. (I came to this city five weeks ago.)
  11. 10. A: WHY did you laugh?
    B: Because Tony made a funny face. (I laughed because Tony made a funny face.)
  12. 11. A: WHERE did you get your sandals?
    B: At Emerhoffs Shoe Store. (I got my sandals at Emerhoff's Shoe Store.)
  13. 12. A: WHERE is Kate?
    B: Upstairs. (Kate is upstairs.)
  14. 13. A: WHERE does Ben live?
    B: In the dormitory. (Ben lives in the dormitory.)
  15. 14. A: WHERE did you go yesterday afternoon?
    B: To the park. (I went to the park yesterday afternoon.)
  16. 15. A: WHY is Bobby in bed?
    B: Because he's sick. (Bobby is in bed because he's sick.)
  17. 16. A: WHY did Bobby stay home ?
    B: Because he was sick. (Bobby stayed home because he was sick.)
  18. 17. A: WHAT time does the movie start ?
    B: 7:20. (The movie starts at 7:20.)
  19. 18. A: WHEN did Sara get back from Brazil?
    B: Two days ago. (Sara got back from Brazil two days ago.)
  20. 19. A: WHY did Tina call?
    B: Because she wanted to talk to Joe. (Tina called because she wanted to talk to Joe.)
  21. 20. A: WHY does Jim lift weights?
    B: Because he wants big muscles. (Jim lifts weights because he wants big muscles.)

past73
  1. EXERCISE 37: Make questions. Use question words.

  2. Example: I got up at 7:30.
  3. Response: WHAT time did you get up?

  4. 1. I went to the zoo. WHERE did yo go?
  5. 2. I went to the zoo yesterday. WHEN did you go to the zoo?
  6. 3. I went to the zoo yesterday because I wanted to see the animals. Why did you go to the zoo yesterday?
  7. 4. ( . . . ) went to the park. WHERE did ... go?
  8. 5. ( . . . ) went to the park yesterday. WHEN did ... go to the park?
  9. 6. ( . . . ) went to the park yesterday because the weather was nice. Why did ... go to the park yesterday?
  10. 7. I am in class. WHERE are you?
  11. 8. I came to class (an hour) ago. WHEN did you come to class?
  12. 9. ( . . . ) is in class. WHERE is he/she/it?
  13. 10. ( . . . ) came to class (an hour) ago. WHEN did ... come to class?
  14. 11. ( . . . ) studied at the library last night. WHEN did ... study last night?
  15. 12. ( . . . ) finished his/her homework around midnight. WHEN did he/she finish his/her homework?
  16. 13. ( . . . ) went to bed at 7:30 last night. WHAT time did ... go to bed last night?
  17. 14. ( . . . ) went to bed early because he/she was tired. WHY did he/she go to bed early?
  18. 15. ( . . . ) went to the park on Sunday. WHERE did ... go on Sunday?
  19. 16. ( . . . ) went to the park yesterday. WHERE did ... go to the park?
  20. 17. ( . . . ) went to the park yesterday because he/she wanted to jog. WHY did ... go to the park yesterday?
  21. 18. ( . . . ) is absent today because he/she is sick. WHY is ... absent today?
  22. 19. ( . . . ) is at home. WHERE is ...?
  23. 20. ( . . . ) stayed home because he/she is sick. WHY did he/she stay home?
  1. EXERCISE 38: Complete the dialogues with questions that begin with WHY DIDN'T ... ?

  2. 1. A: WHY didn't you come to class?
    B: Because I was sick.
  3. 2. A: WHY didn't you do your homework?
    B: Because I didn't have enough time.
  4. 3. A: WHY didn't you call me?
    B: Because I forgot your phone number.
  5. 4. A: WHY didn't you go to Moscow yesterday?
    B: Because I had a headache.
  6. 5. A: WHY didn't you eat soup?
    B: Because I wasn't hungry.
  7. 6. A: WHY didn't you go to the movie?
    B: Because I didn't want to.

past74
  1. EXERCISE 39: Use your own words to complete the dialogues with questions that begin with WHY, WHEN, WHAT TIME, and WHERE.

  2. 1. A: WHERE do you want to go for your vacation?
    B: Hawaii.
  3. 2. A: WHAT time did you go to bed yesterday night?
    B: Ten o'clock.
  4. 3. A: WHY did you go to bed so early?
    B: Because I was tired.
  5. 4. A: WHEN did you arrive in Moscow?
    B: Last week.
  6. 5. A: WHERE is Chili?
    B: South America.
  7. 6. A: WHY didn't you tell her about it?
    B: Because I forgot.
  8. 7. A: WHERE do they live?
    B: Downtown.
  9. 8. A: WHEN did you visit your aunt?
    B: Several months ago.
  10. 9. A: WHERE did you have dinner yesterday?
    B: At a Chinese restaurant.

past75
  1. EXERCISE 40: Make questions.

  2. 1. A: DID you buy a new tape recorder?
    B: Yes, I did. (I bought a new tape recorder.)
  3. 2. A: WHAT did you buy?
    B: A new tape recorder. (I bought a new tape recorder.)
  4. 3. A: IS Mary carrying a suitcase?
    B: Yes, she is. (Mary is carrying a suitcase.)
  5. 4. A: WHAT is Mary carrying?
    B: A suitcase. (Mary is carrying a suitcase.)
  6. 5. A: DO you see that airplane?
    B: Yes, I do. (I see that airplane.)
  7. 6. A: WHAT do you see?
    B: An airplane. (I see an airplane.)
  8. 7. A: WHAT did Bob eat fo lunch?
    B: A hamburger. (Bob ate a hamburger for lunch.)
  9. 8. A: WHAT Bob eat a hamburger for lunch?
    B: Yes, he did. (Bob ate a hamburger for lunch.)
  10. 9. A: WHAT does Bob usually eat for lunch?
    B: A sandwich. (Bob usually eats a sandwich for lunch.)
  11. 10. A: DOES Bob like salads?
    B: No, he doesn't. (Bob doesn't like salads.)

past76
  1. EXERCISE 41: Make questions.

  2. 1. A: WHAT did John talk about?
    B: His country. (John talked about his country.)
  3. 2. A: DID John talk about his country?
    B: Yes, he did. (John talked about his country.)
  4. 3. A: WHAT are you looking at?
    B: A bird. (I‘m looking at a bird.)
  5. 4. A: ARE you looking at that bird?
    B: Yes, I am. (I'm looking at that bird.)
  6. 5. A: ARE you interested in science?
    B: Yes, I am. (I'm interested in science.)
  7. 6. A: WHAT are you interested in?
    B: Science. (I'm interested in science.)
  8. 7. A: WHAT are you thinking about?
    B: Nothing in particular. (I'm thinking about nothing in particular.)
  9. 8. A: WHAT did you dream about last night?
    B: English grammar. (I dreamed about English grammar last night.)
  10. 9. A: WHAT is the teacher pointing at?
    B: The map on the wall. (The teacher is pointing at the map on the wall.)
  11. 10. A: ARE you afraid of snakes?
    B: No, I'm not. (I'm not afraid of snakes.) Are you?

past77 past78
  1. EXERCISE 43: Make questions.

  2. 1. A: WHO did you see at the party?
    B: Mary. (I saw Mary at the party.)
  3. 2. A: WHO came to the party?
    B: Mary. (Mary came to the party.)
  4. 3. A: WHO lives in that house?
    B: John. (John lives in that house.)
  5. 4. A: WHO did you call?
    B: John. (I called John.)
  6. 5. A: WHO did you visit?
    B: My aunt and uncle. (I visited my aunt and uncle.)
  7. 6. A: WHO visited you the day before?
    B: My cousin. (My cousin visited me the day before.)
  8. 7. A: WHO helped Ann?
    B: Bob. (Bob helped Ann.)
  9. 8. A: WHO did Bob help?
    B: Ann. (Bob helped Ann.)
  10. 9. A: WHO Bob help Ann?
    B: Yes, he did. (Bob helped Ann.)
  11. 10. A: ARE you confused?
    B: No, I'm not. (I'm not confused.)
  1. EXERCISE 44: Make questions.

  2. 1. A: WHO did you see?
    B: Ken. (I saw Ken.)
  3. 2. A: WHO did you talk to?
    B: Ken. (I talked to Ken.)
  4. 3. A: WHO did you visit?
    B: Nancy. (I visited Nancy.)
  5. 4. A: WHO are you you thinking about?
    B: Mary. (I'm thinking about Mary.)
  6. 5. A: WHO called?
    B: Yuko. (Yuko called.)
  7. 6. A: WHO answered the question?
    B: Bridget. (Bridget answered the question.)
  8. 7. A: WHO taught the English class?
    B: Mr. Lee. (Mr. Lee taught the English class.)
  9. 8. A: WHO helped you?
    B: Carlos. (Carlos helped me.)
  10. 9. A: WHO did you help?
    B: Gina. (I helped Gina.)
  11. 10. A: WHO carried your suitcase?
    B: My brother. (My brother carried my suitcase.)

past79
  1. EXERCISE 45: Make questions. Use any appropriate question word: WHERE, WHEN, WHAT TIME, WHY, WHO, WHAT.

  2. 1. A: WHERE did Ann go?
    B: To the zoo. (Ann went to the zoo.)
  3. 2. A: WHEN did Ann go to the zoo?
    B: Yesterday. (Ann went to the zoo yesterday.)
  4. 3. A: WHO went to the zoo yesterday?
    B: Ann. (Ann went to the zoo yesterday.)
  5. 4. A: WHO did you see?
    B: Ann. (I saw Ann.)
  6. 5. A: WHERE did you see Ann?
    B: At the zoo. (I saw Ann at the zoo.)
  7. 6. A: WHEN did you see Ann at the zoo?
    B: Yesterday. (I saw Ann at the zoo yesterday.)
  8. 7. A: WHY did you go to the zoo yesterday?
    B: Because the weather was nice. (I went to the zoo yesterday because the weather was nice.)
  9. 8. A: WHO did you talk to?
    B: Dr. Jones. (I talked to Dr. Jones.)
  10. 9. A: WHO called?
    B: Dr. Jones. (Dr. Jones called.)
  11. 10. A: WHEN did Dr. Jones call?
    B: Yesterday afternoon. (Dr. Jones called yesterday afternoon.)
  12. 11. A: WHERE were you yesterday afternoon?
    B: At home. (I was at home yesterday afternoon.)
  13. 12. A: WHERE are you living?
    B: In an apartment. (I'm living in an apartment.)
  14. 13. A: WHAT is teacher talking about?
    B: Grammar. (The teacher is talking about grammar.)
  15. 14. A: WHAT does Annie have in her pocket?
    B: A frog. (Annie has a frog in her pocket.)

past80
  1. EXERCISE 47: Make questions. Use your own words

  2. 1. A: WHEN did you see her?
    B: Yesterday.
  3. 2. A: WHO helped you?
    B: My brother.
  4. 3. A: WHAT did you buy yesterday?
    B: A new pair of sandals.)
  5. 4. A: WHAT time did you usually get up in the summer?
    B: At 7:30.
  6. 5. A: WHERE did you like to have lunch?
    B: At Rossini's Restaurant.
  7. 6. A: WHEN did you feed your hamster?
    B: This afternoon.
  8. 7. A: WHERE do you live?
    B: In an apartment.
  9. 8. A: WHO helps you with English?
    B: My roommate.
  10. 9. A: WHY did you do that yesterday evening?
    B: Because I wanted to.
  11. 10. A: Who did you go to the movie with?
    B: Ann.
  12. 11. A: WHAT are you listening to?
    B: A bird.
  13. 12. A: WHERE did you go on Sunday?
    : The zoo.

past81 past82 past83 past84
past84+

past85 past86
past86+

past87 past87+
  1. EXERCISE 55: Choose the best completion. Then change the position OF THE TIME CLAUSE.

  2. 1. When the phone rang, I answered it.
  3. 2. When I was in Japan, I stayed in a hotel in Tokyo.
  4. 3. Maria bought some new shoes when she went shopping yesterday.
  5. 4. I took a lot of photographs when I was in Hawaii.
  6. 5. When a stranger grabbed Ann's arm, she screamed.
  7. 6. Jim was a wrestler when he was in high school.
  8. 7. When the rain stopped, I closed my umbrella.
  9. 8. The antique vase broke when I dropped it.

past88 past89
past91

past91
  1. EXERCISE 60: CORRECT THE MISTAKES in the following.

  2. 1. Did you went go downtown yesterday?
  3. 2. Yesterday I speak spoke to Ken before he leaves left his office and goes went home.
  4. 3. I heared heard a good joke last night.
  5. 4. When did Pablo finished his work.
  6. 5. I visitted my relatives in New York City last month.
  7. 6. Where did you did go yesterday afternoon?
  8. 7. Ms. Wilson was flew from Singapore to Tokyo last week.
  9. 8. When I see saw my friend yesterday, he didn't spoke speak to me.
  10. 9. Why didn't Mustafa didn't came come to class last week?
  11. 10. Where were you bought did you buy those shoes? I like them.
  12. 11. Mr. Adam teached taught our class last week.
  13. 12. I writed wrote a letter last night.
  14. 13. Who did you wrote write a letter to?
  15. 14. Who did opened the door? Jack openned opened it.

past92
  1. EXERCISE 61: Complete the sentences with the words in parentheses. Use the SIMPLE PRESENT, PRESENT PROGRESSIVE, or SIMPLE PAST. The sentence may require STATEMENT, NEGATIVE, or QUESTION forms.

  2. 1. Tom (walk) walks to work almost every day.
  3. 2. I can see Tom from my window. He's on the street below. He (walk) is walking to work right now.
  4. 3. (Tom, walk) walks to work every day?
  5. 4. (you, walk) Do you walk to work every day?
  6. 5. I usually take the bus to work, but yesterday I (walk) walked to my office.
  7. 6. On my way to work yesterday, I (see) saw an accident.
  8. 7. Alex (see, not) didn't see the accident.
  9. 8. (you, see) Did you see the accident yesterday?
  10. 9. Tom (walk, not) doesn't walk to work when the weather is cold. He (take) takes the bus.
  11. 10. I (walk, not) don't walk to work in cold weather either.