Личные местоимения в английском языке

место имени (существительного, собственного)

ЛИЧНЫЕ местоимения используются в начале предложения и выполняют функцию подлежащего.
Например, HE works in a store. – ОН (КТО?) работает в магазине.

Личные (Subject) местоимения

Объектные (Object) местоимения

Русский аналог

I (я)

ME

меня, мне, мной/мною, обо мне

You (ты)

YOU

тебя, тебе, тобой/тобою, о тебе?

He (он)

HIM

его/него, ему/нему, его, им/ним, о нём

She (она)

HER

её/неё, ей/ней, её, ей/ею/ней/нею, о ней

It (оно)

IT

оно, его/него, ему/нему, его, им/ним, о нём

You (вы)

YOU

вас, вам, вас, вами, о вас

We (мы)

US

нас, нам, нас, нами, о нас

They (они)

THEM

их/них, им, их/них, ими/ними, о них

Упражнение 1. Какими ЛИЧНЫМИ местоимениями можно заменить следующие существительные? Заполните таблицу.

Kate, my parents, auntie, Jacob, car, sister, cousins, two chairs, chair, the Queen, Ann, brother, uncle, Bill, cat, table, my father, my house, cars, balls.

He
She
It
They

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Kate, my parents, auntie, Jacob, car, sister, cousins, two chairs, chair, the Queen, Ann, brother, uncle, Bill, cat, table, my father, my house, cars, balls.

He
She
It
They

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.



Упражнение 2. Замените слова и фразы соответствующими ЛИЧНЫМИ местоимениями.

Example: my house - май хаус

1. Kate - Кэйт
2. Bill - Бил
3. my mother - май маðэ
4. his parents - хиз пэарэнтс
5. our toys - ауэ тойз
6. your kitten - йёо китэн
7. my sister and I - май систэ æнд ай
8. Tom and Tina - Том æнд Тинэ
9. Grandpa - грæнпа
10. her doll - хёо дол
11. a crocodile - э крокэдайл
12. two ducks - туу дакс
13. his aunt - хиз аант
14. my nephew - май нэвъю
15. Mrs. Smith - Миссиз Смиθ
16. your bike - йёо байк
17. the Browns - ðэ Браунз
18. Jack and I - Джæк æнд ай
19. Ann and Sue's uncle - æн æнд съюyз анкл
20. my cousin and I - май казн æнд ай
21. my sister - май систэ
22. his uncle - хиз анкл
23. her puppy - хёо папи
24. my classroom - май клаасрум
25. our friends - ауэ фрэндз
26. her dog - хёо дог
27. his daughter - хиз доотэ
28. their father and mother - ðэа фаðэ æнд маðэ
29. Mary and I - Мэари æнд ай
30. her son - хёо сан
31. our aunt - ауэ аант

1. Kate - Кэйт
2. Bill - Бил
3. my mother - май маðэ
4. his parents - хиз пэарэнтс
5. our toys - ауэ тойз
6. your kitten - йёо китэн
7. my sister and I - май систэ æнд ай
8. Tom and Tina - Том æнд Тинэ
9. Grandpa - грæнпа
10. her doll - хёо дол
11. a crocodile - э крокэдайл
12. two ducks - туу дакс
13. his aunt - хиз аант
14. my nephew - май нэвъю
15. Mrs. Smith - Миссиз Смиθ
16. your bike - йёо байк
17. the Browns - ðэ Браунз
18. Jack and I - Джæк æнд ай
19. Ann and Sue's uncle - æн æнд съюyз анкл
20. my cousin and I - май казн æнд ай
21. my sister - май систэ
22. his uncle - хиз анкл
23. her puppy - хёо папи
24. my classroom - май клаасрум
25. our friends - ауэ фрэндз
26. her dog - хёо дог
27. his daughter - хиз доотэ
28. their father and mother - ðэа фаðэ æнд маðэ
29. Mary and I - Мэари æнд ай
30. her son - хёо сан
31. our aunt - ауэ аант

Упражнение 3. Вставьте в предложения подходящие по смыслу местоимения I, he, she, it или you, we, they.

1. "Is this eraser yours?" - "No, isn''t.
Это твоя стирательная резинка? - Нет.
2. "Is he your brother?" - "Yes, is."
Он твой брат? - Нет.
3. "Can you play chess?" - "Yes, can."
Ты играешь в шахматы? - Да.
4. "Where is Kate?" - "I think is in the garden." Где Кейт?- Я думаю, она в саду.
5. "Are you Russian?" - "Yes, am."
Ты русский(ая)? - Да.
6. "Where are the children?" - "At this time are in the swimming pool."
Сейчас (В это время) они в плавательном бассейне.
7. "Are you and Nicky eight?" -"No, are nine." Тебе и Ники 8 лет? - Нет.
8. "Are these CDs yours?" - "Yes, are."
Эти компакт-диски твои? - Да.
9. "What's that?" - " 's a hare."
Что это? - Это заяц.
10. "Is your elder brother a fire fighter?" - "Yes, is."
Твой старший брат пожарный? - Да.
11. "Are these magazines for men?" - "No, aren't."
Эти журналы для мужчин? - Нет.
12. "Is Liza late?" - "Yes, is."
Лиза опаздывает? - Нет.
13. "Are John and you in the cinema?" - "Yes, are."
Вы с Джоном в кино(театре)? - Да.
14. "Is your bed comfortable?" - "Yes, are."
Твоя кровать удобная? - Да, она удобная.

1. "Is this eraser yours?" - "No, isn''t.
Это твоя стирательная резинка? - Нет.
2. "Is he your brother?" - "Yes, is."
Он твой брат? - Нет.
3. "Can you play chess?" - "Yes, can."
Ты играешь в шахматы? - Да.
4. "Where is Kate?" - "I think is in the garden." Где Кейт?- Я думаю, она в саду.
5. "Are you Russian?" - "Yes, am."
Ты русский(ая)? - Да.
6. "Where are the children?" - "At this time are in the swimming pool."
Сейчас (В это время) они в плавательном бассейне.
7. "Are you and Nicky eight?" -"No, are nine." Тебе и Ники 8 лет? - Нет.
8. "Are these CDs yours?" - "Yes, are."
Эти компакт-диски твои? - Да.
9. "What's that?" - " 's a hare."
Что это? - Это заяц.
10. "Is your elder brother a fire fighter?" - "Yes, is."
Твой старший брат пожарный? - Да.
11. "Are these magazines for men?" - "No, aren't."
Эти журналы для мужчин? - Нет.
12. "Is Liza late?" - "Yes, is."
Лиза опаздывает? - Да.
13. "Are John and you in the cinema?" - "Yes, are."
Вы с Джоном в кино(театре)? - Да.
14. "Is your bed comfortable?" - "Yes, is."
Твоя кровать удобная? - Да, она удобная.

Упражнение 4. Add HE, SHE, IT, WE or THEY

Example: My grandparents live in the country. live in a small cottage.

  1. Molly is very nice. 's my best friend.
  2. Molly and I aren't English. 're from Sydney.
  3. Greg is my brother. 's 25 years old.
  4. Greg and Alison are married. 've got two children.
  5. Emily is 22 years old. 's a nurse in a hospital.

  1. Molly is very nice. 's my best friend.
  2. Molly and I aren't English. 're from Sydney.
  3. Greg is my brother. 's 25 years old.
  4. Greg and Alison are married. 've got two children.
  5. Emily is 22 years old. 's a nurse in a hospital.

Упражнение 5. Write in HE, SHE, IT or THEY.

Example: My friends play football. play it very well.

  1. This is Maria. is having lunch in the canteen.
  2. Look at the children! are playing football in the snow!
  3. Vanya is my friend. is riding a bike now.
  4. Look at Pavel's parents. are reading a book.
  5. Lisa is Pavel's friend. Listen! is singing!

Example: My grandparents live in the country. live in a small cottage.

  1. Molly is very nice. 's my best friend.
  2. Molly and I aren't English. 're from Sydney.
  3. Greg is my brother. 's 25 years old.
  4. Greg and Alison are married. 've got two children.
  5. Emily is 22 years old. 's a nurse in a hospital.

Упражнение 6. Change the words in the brackets to the appropriate pronoun (SHE, HE, IT, THEY, WE)

Example: (Mary's new dress) is nice. is nice.

  1. (Kate) is not a typist.
  2. (These women) are not doctors.
  3. Is (that pear) red?
  4. (Those stories) are very interesting.
  5. (These pencils) are black.
  6. (This table) is brown.
  7. (My friends and me/I) are at school.
  8. (Greg) is at home now.
  9. (A man and two women) are in the car.
  10. (Mr. and Mrs. Baker) are in London.

Example: (Mary's new dress) is nice. is nice.

  1. (Kate) is not a typist.
  2. (These women) are not doctors.
  3. Is (that pear) red?
  4. (Those stories) are very interesting.
  5. (These pencils) are black.
  6. (This table) is brown.
  7. (My friends and me/I) are at school.
  8. (Greg) is at home now.
  9. (A man and two women) are in the car.
  10. (Mr. and Mrs. Baker) are in London.

Упражнения на объектные местоимения

ОБЪЕКТНЫЕ местоимения используются в середине или конце предложения и выполняют функцию дополнения.
Например, We saw HIM (КОГО?) in a store. – Мы видели ЕГО в магазине.

Личные местоимения в
Именительном падеже
(местоимение-подлежащее)
Личные местоимения в
Объектном падеже
(местоимение-дополнение)
I love Kate Я люблю Кейт Kate loves me Кейт любит меня
We love Susan Мы любим Сюзанну Susan loves us Сюзанна любит нас
You love Meggy Ты (вы/Вы) любишь Мегги Meggy loves you Мегги любит тебя (вас, Вас)
They love Ann Они любят Энн Ann loves them Энн любит их
He loves Katrin Он любит Катрину Katrin loves him Катрина любит его
She loves John Она любит Джона John loves her Джон любит её
It loves Grammy Он (она/оно) любит Грэмми Grammy loves it Грэмми любит его (её, это)
Упражнение 7. Какими ОБЪЕКТНЫМИ местоимениями можно заменить следующие существительные? Заполните таблицу.

Kate, my parents, aunt, Jacob, car, sister, cousins, two chairs, chair, the Queen, Ann, brother, uncle, Bill, cat, table, my father, my house, cars, balls.

Him
Her
It
Them

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Kate, my parents, aunt, Jacob, car, sister, cousins, two chairs, chair, the Queen, Ann, brother, uncle, Bill, cat, table, my father, my house, cars, balls.

Him
Her
Its
Them

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.


Упражнение 8. Выберите подходящее ОБЪЕКТНОЕ местоимение.

Example: The children draw pictures. They draw every day.

  1. Do you know Jacob? – Sure, I know very well.
  2. I like apples. I eat every day.
  3. Alice is nice. Everybody likes .
  4. I need a sheet of paper. Please, give it to .
  5. We’ll see your grandparents at the weekend. They invited to dinner.

Example: The children draw pictures. They draw every day.

  1. Do you know Jacob? – Sure, I know very well.
  2. I like apples. I eat every day.
  3. Alice is nice. Everybody likes .
  4. I need a sheet of paper. Please, give it to .
  5. We’ll see your grandparents at the weekend. They invited to dinner.

Упражнение 9. Составьте из слов предложения.

    Example: home are we at .
    .

  1. 1. .

  2. 2. .

  3. 3. ?

  4. 4. .

    Example: home are we at .
    .

  1. 1. .
  2. 2. .
  3. 3. ?
  4. 4. .

Объектные местоимения – это личные местоимения в косвенном падеже, т.е. это местоимения I, you, he, she, it, we, they просклоненные по падежам.
В английском языке всего два падежа (общий и притяжательный). Это значит, что личные местоимения в объектном падеже отвечают на вопросы всех пяти падежей в русском языке (родительный, дательный, винительный, творительный, предложный падежи).
В предложениях объективные местоимения играют роль дополнения и местоимений в коротких репликах: I am tired. — Me too. Я устал. — Я тоже.

Перевод и употребление косвенных местоимений по падежам русского языка:

И.п.

Р.п.

Д.п.

В.п.

Т.п.

П.п.

I (я) around me (вокруг меня) (to) me (ко мне, мне) me (меня) by me (мною) about me (oбо мне)
You (ты) for you (для тебя, вас) (to) you (к) вам, тебе you (тебя, вас) with you (c тобою, вами) on you (на тебе, вас)
He (он) out of him (из него) (to) him (к н)ему) him (его) by him (им) in him (в нем)
She (она) because of her (из-за нее) (to) her (к н)ей her (ее) over her (над нею) about her (o ней)
It (оно) from it (c него, нее) (to) it (к н)ему, ней it (eго, ее) above it (над ним, нею) of it (o нем, ней)
We (мы) from us (oт нас) (to) us (к) нам us (нас) with us (c нами) about us (o нас)
They (они) for them (для них) (to) them (к) ним them (их) by them (ими) in them (в них)

Упражнение 10. Напишите русский эквивалент ОБЪЕКТНЫХ местоимений.

Example: Did you tell . (ему)

  1. Are you talking about ? (обо мне)
  2. Do you know ? (его)
  3. Don’t take ! (это)
  4. He gave a beautiful bracelet. (ей)
  5. He gave good advice. (мне)
  6. He is staring at . (на нас)
  7. He saw in the street. (меня)
  8. I bought this dress for . (для тебя)
  9. I know very well. (его)
  10. I love . (тебя)
  11. I sent a letter to . (им)
  12. I want to go with . (с вами)
  13. She looked at in silence. (на нас)
  14. Show the book. (ей)
  15. Show the book to . (ему)
  16. Tell (нам) when you find . (их)
  17. Take ! (это)
  18. Tell to call me up right away. (ему)
  19. Tell me everything about (о них)
  20. This letter is for . (для вас)
  21. This text was translated by . (ею)
  22. This text was written by . (им)
  23. Who broke the vase? – Not ! (не я)
  1. Are you talking about ? (обо мне)
  2. Do you know ? (его)
  3. Don’t take ! (это)
  4. He gave a beautiful bracelet. (ей)
  5. He gave good advice. (мне)
  6. He is staring at . (на нас)
  7. He saw . (меня)
  8. I bought this dress for . (для тебя)
  9. I know very well. (его)
  10. I love . (тебя)
  11. I sent a letter to . (им)
  12. I want to go with . (с вами)
  13. She looked at in silence. (на нас)
  14. Show the book. (ей)
  15. Show the book to . (ему)
  16. Tell (нам) when you find . (их)
  17. Take ! (это)
  18. Tell (ему) to call (мне) up right away.
  19. Tell me everything about (о них)
  20. This letter is for . (для вас)
  21. This text was translated by . (ею)
  22. This text was written by . (им)
  23. Who broke the vase? – Not ! (не я)

Упражнение 11. Выберите правильный вариант, который может заменить подчеркнутые слова.

1) The teacher always gives the students homework.
me
them
you

2) I am reading the book to my little sister.
her
us
him

3) The boys are riding their bikes.
it
them
her

4) My father is writing a letter to John.
he
him
it

5) I don’t know the answer.
she
her
it

6) Sally is going to Anne.
him
her
me

7) Open the window, please.
it
them
us

8) Can you tell the people the way to the airport, please?
you
them
us

9) The books are for Peter.
him
her
you

10) Can you help my sister and me, please?
me
her
us
  1. 1) The teacher always gives the students homework.
  2. The teacher always gives them homework.
  3. 2) I am reading the book to my little sister.
  4. I am reading the book to her.
  5. 3) The boys are riding their bikes.
  6. The boys are riding them.
  7. 4) My father is writing a letter to John.
  8. My father is writing a letter to him.
  9. 5) I don’t know the answer.
  10. I don’t know it.
  11. 6) Sally is going to Anne.
  12. Sally is going to her.
  13. 7) Open the window, please.
  14. Open it, please.
  15. 8) Can you tell the people the way to the airport, please?
  16. Can you tell them the way to the airport, please?
  17. 9) The books are for Peter.
  18. The books are for him.
  19. 10) Can you help my sister and me, please?
  20. Can you help us, please?

Упражнение 12. Заполните пропуски, используя личные местоимения в ОБЪЕКТНОМ падеже.

  1. Who is that lady? — Why are you looking at ? (на нее)
  2. Do you know that young handsome man?- Yes, I study with . (с ним)
  3. Please, listen to . (меня) I want to express my point of view.
  4. These puppies are so nice! Do you want to look at . (на них)
  5. We like this house. We're going to buy . (его)
  6. He can't see (нас) because we are sitting in the last row.
  7. Where are the keys to our flat? I can't find . (их)
  8. Where is Ann? I want to talk to . (с ней)
  9. This snake is poisonous (ядовитая). I'm very afraid of . (её)
  10. Don't wait for (меня) for dinner. I'll return very late at night.
  11. He left Polotsk long ago. I haven't seen (его) since. (с тех пор)
  12. You can fully rely on . (на нас) We won't let you down. (не подведем тебя/вас)
  1. Who is that lady? — Why are you looking at ? (на нее)
  2. Do you know that young handsome man?- Yes, I study with . (с ним)
  3. Please, listen to . (меня) I want to express my point of view.
  4. These puppies are so nice! Do you want to look at . (на них)
  5. We like this house. We're going to buy . (его)
  6. He can't see (нас) because we are sitting in the last row.
  7. Where are the keys to our flat? I can't find . (их)
  8. Where is Ann? I want to talk to . (с ней)
  9. This snake is poisonous (ядовитая). I'm very afraid of . (её)
  10. Don't wait for (меня) for dinner. I'll return very late at night.
  11. He left Polotsk long ago. I haven't seen (его) since. (с тех пор)
  12. You can fully rely on . (на нас) We won't let you down. (не подведем тебя/вас)

Упражнение 13. Заполните пропуски, используя личные местоимения в ОБЪЕКТНОМ падеже.

My husband and I are very lucky. We have many close friends in this city, and they are all interesting people.

Our friend Andrew is a scientist. We see (1) when he isn't busy in his laboratory. When we get together with (2) , he always tells (3) about his new experiments. Andrew is a very close friend. We like (4) very much.

Our friend Maggie is an actress. We see (5) , when she isn't making a movie in Hollywood. When we get together with (6) , she always tells (7) about her life in Hollywood. Maggie is a very close friend. We like (8) very much.

Our friends Bobby and Marlin are journalists. We see (9) , when they are not traveling around the world. When we get together with (10) , they always tell (11) about their meetings with famous people. Bobby and Marlin are very close friends. We like (12) very much.

My husband and I are very lucky. We have many close friends in this city, and they are all interesting people.

Our friend Andrew is a scientist. We see (1) when he isn't busy in his laboratory. When we get together with (2) , he always tells (3) about his new experiments. Andrew is a very close friend. We like (4) very much.

Our friend Maggie is an actress. We see (5) , when she isn't making a movie in Hollywood. When we get together with (6) , she always tells (7) about her life in Hollywood. Maggie is a very close friend. We like (8) very much.

Our friends Bobby and Marlin are journalists. We see (9) , when they are not traveling around the world. When we get together with (10) , they always tell (11) about their meetings with famous people. Bobby and Marlin are very close friends. We like (12) very much.

Упражнение 14. Выберите требуемые местоимения в ОБЪЕКТНОМ падеже.

  1. Jack is hungry. Bring a sandwich.
  2. Ann is ill. Take these flowers.
  3. Fred and Jane are in the country. Write a letter.
  4. I am thirsty. Bring a bottle of Coca-Cola.
  5. Jimmy is in class. Give this book.
  6. The children are hungry. Bring these red apples.
  7. Alan is at home. Ask to come to the yard.
  8. We are at table. Give tea and cakes.
  1. Jack is hungry. Bring a sandwich.
  2. Ann is ill. Take these flowers.
  3. Fred and Jane are in the country. Write a letter.
  4. I am thirsty. Bring a bottle of Coca-Cola.
  5. Jimmy is in class. Give this book.
  6. The children are hungry. Bring these red apples.
  7. Alan is at home. Ask to come to the yard.
  8. We are at table. Give tea and cakes.

Упражнение 15. Выберите местоимения ME, US, HIM, HER, IT or THEM .

  1. I’m talking to you. Please, listen to .
  2. Who is that man? Why are you looking at ?
  3. These bags are nice. Do you want to look at ?
  4. «Do you know those men?» — «Yes, I work with ».
  5. Where are my books? I can't find .
  6. I like that dress. I'm going to buy .
  7. We are going to the cinema. You can come with .
  8. Where is your sister? I want to talk to .
  9. We are listening to music. Tom gave it to .
  10. I want to buy this book. Please, show it to .
  1. I’m talking to you. Please, listen to .
  2. Who is that man? Why are you looking at ?
  3. These bags are nice. Do you want to look at ?
  4. «Do you know those men?» — «Yes, I work with ».
  5. Where are my books? I can't find .
  6. I like that dress. I'm going to buy .
  7. We are going to the cinema. You can come with .
  8. Where is your sister? I want to talk to .
  9. We are listening to music. Tom gave it to .
  10. I want to buy this book. Please, show it to .

Упражнение 16. Замените слова и фразы ЛИЧНЫМИ и соответствующими ОБЪЕКТНЫМИ местоимениями.

Example: my house - май хаус

1. Kate - Кэйт
2. Bill - Бил
3. my mother - май маðэ
4. his parents - хиз пэарэнтс
5. our toys - ауэ тойз
6. your kitten - йёо китэн
7. my sister and I - май систэ æнд ай
8. Tom and Tina - Том æнд Тинэ
9. Grandpa - грæнпа
10. her doll - хёо дол
11. a crocodile - э крокэдайл
12. two ducks - туу дакс
13. his aunt - хиз аант
14. my nephew - май нэвъю
15. Mrs. Smith - Миссиз Смиθ

1. Kate - Кэйт
2. Bill - Бил
3. my mother - май маðэ
4. his parents - хиз пэарэнтс
5. our toys - ауэ тойз
6. your kitten - йёо китэн
7. my sister and I - май систэ æнд ай
8. Tom and Tina - Том æнд Тинэ
9. Grandpa - грæнпа
10. her doll - хёо дол
11. a crocodile - э крокэдайл
12. two ducks - туу дакс
13. his aunt - хиз аант
14. my nephew - май нэвъю
15. Mrs. Smith - Миссиз Смиθ

Упражнение 16   (продолжение)

16. your bike - йёо байк
17. the Browns - ðэ Браунз
18. Jack and I - Джæк æнд ай
19. Ann and Sue's uncle - æн æнд съюyз анкл
20. my cousin and I - май казн æнд ай
21. my sister - май систэ
22. his uncle - хиз анкл
23. her puppy - хёо папи
24. my classroom - mай клаасрум
25. our friends - ауэ фрэндз
26. her dog - хёо дог
27. his daughter - хиз доотэ
28. their father and mother - ðэа фаðэ æнд маðэ
29. Mary and I - Мэари æнд ай
30. her son - хёо сан
31. our aunt - ауэ аант

16. your bike - йёо байк
17. the Browns - ðэ Браунз
18. Jack and I - Джæк æнд ай
19. Ann and Sue's uncle - æн æнд съюyз анкл
20. my cousin and I - май казн æнд ай
21. my sister - май систэ
22. his uncle - хиз анкл
23. her puppy - хёо папи
24. my classroom - mай клаасрум
25. our friends - ауэ фрэндз
26. her dog - хёо дог
27. his daughter - хиз доотэ
28. their father and mother - ðэа фаðэ æнд маðэ
29. Mary and I - Мэари æнд ай
30. her son - хёо сан
31. our aunt - ауэ аант

Упражнение 17. Выберите ЛИЧНЫЕ и ОБЪЕКТНЫЕ местоимения.

1. Я знаю его .
2. Ты позвонишь мне ?
3. Он передает тебе привет.
4. Они думают об этом каждый день.
5. Она предложила нам кофе.
6. Мы подвезли их до метро.

1. Я знаю его
2. Ты позвонишь мне ?
3. Он передает тебе привет.
4. Они думают об этом каждый день.
5. Она предложила нам кофе.
6. Мы подвезли их до метро.

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